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Tuesday, 29 May 2018 00:00

Symptoms and Causes of Neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy is a condition that affects the nerves in the peripheral nervous system. The nerves become damaged and as a result, this type of neuropathy develops. The symptoms that accompany neuropathy include numbness, tingling or a burning sensation and will most often affect the feet. Additional symptoms may include a loss of balance and it’s common to experience weakness. There are several causes that may promote the onset of this ailment, including a vitamin deficiency, kidney failure, shingles, or alcoholism. Additionally, this condition may be the result of certain chemotherapy drugs that are taken. It’s important to have a correct diagnosis performed so the proper medication can be taken to alleviate the symptoms. It is suggested to consult with a podiatrist if your feet are affected by neuropathy.

Peripheral artery disease can pose a serious risk to your health. It can increase the risk of stroke and heart attack. If you have symptoms of peripheral artery disease, consult with one of our podiatrists from Advanced Podiatry. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is when arteries are constricted due to plaque (fatty deposits) build-up. This results in less blood flow to the legs and other extremities. The main cause of PAD is atherosclerosis, in which plaque builds up in the arteries.

Symptoms

Symptoms of PAD include:

  • Claudication (leg pain from walking)
  • Numbness in legs
  • Decrease in growth of leg hair and toenails
  • Paleness of the skin
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Sores and wounds on legs and feet that won’t heel
  • Coldness in one leg

It is important to note that a majority of individuals never show any symptoms of PAD.

Diagnosis

While PAD occurs in the legs and arteries, Podiatrists can diagnose PAD. Podiatrists utilize a test called an ankle-brachial index (ABI). An ABI test compares blood pressure in your arm to you ankle to see if any abnormality occurs. Ultrasound and imaging devices may also be used.

Treatment

Fortunately, lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy diet, exercising, managing cholesterol and blood sugar levels, and quitting smoking, can all treat PAD. Medications that prevent clots from occurring can be prescribed. Finally, in some cases, surgery may be recommended.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Union, NJ and the Upper East Side, Manhattan. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Monday, 21 May 2018 00:00

What are Heel Spurs?

If you have a heel spur, you have most likely experienced pain emanating from a bony growth that formed on your heel bone. Severe pain may develop when the band of tissue that runs under the sole of the foot becomes inflamed. This is referred to as the plantar fascia, and it connects to the bone in the heel. There can be several reasons why heel spurs may form including certain types of arthritis, or a sports injury that’s typically caused by overuse. Temporary relief may be achieved by taking anti-inflammatory medications, and orthotic devices may be used to alleviate the pressure on the heel. When purchasing shoes, research has shown that additional cushioning in the heel area will not only feel good, but will benefit the foot by helping to reduce existing inflammation. It’s advised to consult with a podiatrist if you have heel spurs or any type of heel pain.

Heel spurs can be incredibly painful and sometimes may make you unable to participate in physical activities. To get medical care for your heel spurs, contact one of our podiatrists from Advanced Podiatry. Our doctors will do everything possible to treat your condition.

Heels Spurs

Heel spurs are formed by calcium deposits on the back of the foot where the heel is. This can also be caused by small fragments of bone breaking off one section of the foot, attaching onto the back of the foot. Heel spurs can also be bone growth on the back of the foot and may grow in the direction of the arch of the foot.

Older individuals usually suffer from heel spurs and pain sometimes intensifies with age. One of the main conditions spurs are related to is plantar fasciitis.

Pain

The pain associated with spurs is often because of weight placed on the feet. When someone is walking, their entire weight is concentrated on the feet. Bone spurs then have the tendency to affect other bones and tissues around the foot. As the pain continues, the feet will become tender and sensitive over time.

Treatments

There are many ways to treat heel spurs. If one is suffering from heel spurs in conjunction with pain, there are several methods for healing. Medication, surgery, and herbal care are some options.

If you have any questions feel free to contact our offices located in Union, NJ and the Upper East Side, Manhattan. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

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Swollen feet are often a side effect of being pregnant. The additional weight that is gained is often noticed throughout the body and many times the feet and ankles will be affected. As the pregnancy progresses, this condition often becomes uncomfortable, and relief may be obtained by elevating the feet as often as possible. Additionally, there are exercises that can be incorporated into your daily routine, and alternating between sitting and standing may help your feet feel more comfortable. Research has suggested that drinking  plenty of fresh water daily and avoiding salt will aid in maintaining any swelling that may occur. Furthermore, wearing correct footwear will allow additional room for any expanded growth of the feet and this may possibly avoid certain foot ailments from developing. These conditions may include flat feet, ingrown toenails, or cracked heels and will generally inhibit the well-being feeling that often accompanies pregnancy. Please consider scheduling a consultation with a podiatrist if you would like additional information on how pregnancy may affect your feet.

Pregnant women with swollen feet can be treated with a variety of different methods that are readily available. For more information about other cures for swollen feet during pregnancy, consult with one of our podiatrists from Advanced Podiatry. Our doctors will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

What foot problems can arise during pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is overpronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward.  This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy, but tends to occur in the later stages. 

How can I keep my feet healthy during pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Union, NJ and the Upper East Side, Manhattan. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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When you decide to purchase a new pair of shoes, it’s important to have your feet properly measured. This can be achieved at the shoe store by using a measuring device designed specifically for determining the correct shoe size. If you have a bony protrusion on the side of the big toe often referred to as bunion, one foot may need a larger size shoe to accommodate this condition. Research has suggested the best time of day to have shoes fitted is when the feet are their largest, later in the day, which may often be due to normal swelling which typically occurs. There are numerous ailments that may result from poorly fitting shoes, including the formation of blisters and corns from wearing shoes that may be too tight. You may also possibly experience pain in the arches from choosing shoes that are too big. If you have questions and would like additional information on how to learn your correct shoe size, please schedule a consultation with a podiatrist.

It is important to find shoes that fit you properly in order to avoid a variety of different foot problems. For more information about treatment, contact one of our podiatrists from Advanced Podiatry. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Proper Shoe Fitting

Shoes have many different functions. They cushion our body weight, protect our feet, and allow us to safely play sports. You should always make sure that the shoes you wear fit you properly in order to avoid injuries and deformities such as: bunions, corns, calluses, hammertoes, plantar fasciitis, stress fractures, and more. It is important to note that although a certain pair of shoes might be a great fit for someone else, that doesn’t mean they will be a great fit for you. This is why you should always try on shoes before buying them to make sure they are worth the investment. Typically, shoes need to be replaced ever six months to one year of regular use.

Tips for Proper Shoe Fitting

  • Select a shoe that is shaped like your foot
  • Don’t buy shoes that fit too tight, expecting them to stretch to fit
  • Make sure there is enough space (3/8” to ½”) for your longest toe at the end of each shoe when you are standing up
  • Walk in the shoes to make sure they fit and feel right
  • Don’t select shoes by the size marked inside the shoe, but by how the shoe fits your foot

The shoes you buy should always feel as good as they look. Shoes that fit properly will last longer, feel better, and improve your way of life each day.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Union, NJ and the Upper East Side, Manhattan. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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