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Overview of a Bunion

Tuesday, 16 January 2024 00:00

A bunion, a prevalent foot deformity, draws attention to the joint at the base of the big toe, where a bony bump forms. This condition, known as hallux valgus, gradually develops when the big toe leans inward toward the second toe, causing the metatarsal bone to protrude. Bunions can result from genetic predisposition, wearing ill-fitting shoes that squeeze the toes, or conditions such as arthritis. The gradual misalignment of the toe joint leads to inflammation, pain, and, in some cases, difficulty in finding comfortable footwear. While bunions are often associated with discomfort and aesthetic concerns, they can also impact joint function over time. Understanding the overview of bunions involves recognizing the factors contributing to their development and the potential implications on foot health. If you have a bunion, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can guide you toward effective relief options.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact Glenn Davison, DPM of Advanced Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.


  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development


  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Union, NJ and New York . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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